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Natural Fibers
Organic Inorganic
Plant Animal Rock Metal
Seed Bast Leaf Fruit Hair Wool Silk
Cotton (CO) Flax (LI) Abaca (AB) Coconut (CC) Camel (WK) Wool (WO) Silk (SE) Asbestos (AS) Metal (MTF)
Kapok () Hemp (HA)     Alpaca (WP)   Tussah (ST)    
Akund() Jute (JU)     Lama (WL)        
  Bamboo (BAM)     Angora Mohair (WM)        
        Cashmere (WS)        
        Horse Hair (HS)        
        Angora Rabbit (WA)        
Synthetic Fibers
Organic Inorganic
Natural Synthetic
Cellulose Origin Protein Origin
From Plant From Animals
Viscose (CV) Soybean (SPF) Casein () Acylic (PAN) Glass (GF)
Modal (MD) Alginate (ALG) Polylactic Acid (PLA) Polyethylene (PE) Carbon (CF)
Lyocell (CLY) Corn ()   Polypropylene (PP) Ceramic (GEF)
  Peanut ()   Polyester (PET)  
      Modacrylic (MAC)  
      Elasthane (EL)  
      Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)  
      Polyamide 6 (PA 6)  
      Polyamide 6.6 (PA 6.6)  
      Aramide (AR)  


Silk is the most durable of animal fibers.
Silk-worm was only known in chine in BC 2000, after MS 5th century it was began to spread rapidly.
Silk-worm is grown in Eastern Mediterranean and Asian countries, and also mostly in Marmara region in Turkey.

It is used for;
Scarves and clothing,
Carpet and furnishings production.

Crude silk fiber length changes from 1500 to 5000 m.
There are two type natures forming crude silk as fibroin and sericin.
Crude silk include:
Fibroin: 63-67%
Sericin: 22-25%
Water: 7-11%
Oil: 0.5-1%
Inorganic substances: 1-1.7%

Soft touch
High water absorption
High moisture absorption
Heat sensitive
Low electrical conductivity
Low resistance to acids
Home > Actuals > Textile Technical Info > Silk