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Natural Fibers
Organic Inorganic
Plant Animal Rock Metal
Seed Bast Leaf Fruit Hair Wool Silk
Cotton (CO) Flax (LI) Abaca (AB) Coconut (CC) Camel (WK) Wool (WO) Silk (SE) Asbestos (AS) Metal (MTF)
Kapok () Hemp (HA)     Alpaca (WP)   Tussah (ST)    
Akund() Jute (JU)     Lama (WL)        
  Bamboo (BAM)     Angora Mohair (WM)        
        Cashmere (WS)        
        Horse Hair (HS)        
        Angora Rabbit (WA)        
Synthetic Fibers
Organic Inorganic
Natural Synthetic
Cellulose Origin Protein Origin
From Plant From Animals
Viscose (CV) Soybean (SPF) Casein () Acylic (PAN) Glass (GF)
Modal (MD) Alginate (ALG) Polylactic Acid (PLA) Polyethylene (PE) Carbon (CF)
Lyocell (CLY) Corn ()   Polypropylene (PP) Ceramic (GEF)
  Peanut ()   Polyester (PET)  
      Modacrylic (MAC)  
      Elasthane (EL)  
      Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)  
      Polyamide 6 (PA 6)  
      Polyamide 6.6 (PA 6.6)  
      Aramide (AR)  


Along with wool, flax is one of the oldest spun fibres of mankind.
Seeds and pods found in Iran date back to 8000 BC.
Until the end of the 18th century, flax was the most important vegetable fibre.
Overtime, flax was displaced by cotton.
Today, with a share of 1 to 2 %, flax plays a minor role in the overall world fibre production.
However, back to nature trend has caused a new rise in its regional importance.

With its outstanding properties, flax is processed in % 100 form.
As linen is an expensive materials, it is blended with other fibers to reduce the price and also to improve its creasing behaviour and dimensional stability.
In blend form minimum 35 % flax is used for these purposes.

The flax stalk is surrended by the Cuticula. This covers the bark layer, in which 20 to 50 bast fibre bundles are embedded.
The bast fibres bundle contains the usable fibres.

Row flax contains the following substances:
Cellulose: 65 %
Hemicelluloses: 16 %
Water: 8 %
Pectins: 3 %
Proteins: 3 %
Lignin: 2.5 %
Fats and waxes: 1.5 %
Minerals: 1%

Exhibits a soft gloss
Very high tear strength
High air permeability
Very high absorbency and water retention ability
Low soilability and easy soil release
Can be ironed at high temperatures
Cool to handle
Pleasant on the skin
No electrostatic charging
Does not fluff
Good resistance to wear and tear
Medium fastness to chafing
Not good white bleachability
Low stretch and elasticity
Stiff handle, poor drape
Low heat conservation
Slow drying
Poor fastness to acids
Poor resistance to microorganisms
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